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2021高考英语试题及参考答案(全国乙卷)

作者:佚名  来源:本站整理  发布/更新时间:2021-06-09 16:18:51

  第一部 分听力(共两节,满分30分)
  做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
  第一节(共5小题:每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
  听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。
  每段对话仅读一遍。
  例:How much is the shirt?
  A. £19.15. B.£9.18. C. £9.15.
  答案是C。
  1.What is the man doing?
  A. Asking the way.
  B.Giving directions.
  C. Correcting a mistake.
  2.What dress size does the woman want?
  A.8.
  B.10.
  C.12.
  3.What is the woman likely to do?
  A. Make a phone call.
  B. Handle the problem.
  C. Have a rest.
  4.Which tour does the man seem to be interested in?
  A. The evening tour.
  B. The half-day tour.
  C.The full-day tour.
  5.Where are the speakers?
  A.At a canteen.
  B.At a clinic.
  C.At a bank.
  第二节(共15小题,每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
  听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
  听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
  6. What does the woman think of the match?
  A.Entertaining.
  B.Discouraging.
  C. Boring.
  7.What do the speakers plan to do on Tuesday afternoon?
  A.Watch a game.
  B. Play tennis.
  C. Go to the cinema.
  听第7段材料,回答第8至10题。
  8. What does the man advise Mrs.White to do?
  A.Go on a diet.
  B. Do more exercise.
  C. Get enough sleep.
  9.Which can be included in Mrs. White's breakfast?
  A.Eggs.
  B.Sausages.
  C.Porridge.
  10.What is the man?
  A. A teacher.
  B.A physician.
  C.A chef.
  听第8段材料,回答第11至14题。
  11.How does Nancy look to Daniel?
  A.Confused.
  B. Excited.
  C. Anxious.
  12.Why does Daniel mention his performance in a play?
  A.To comfort Nancy.
  B. To express his regret
  C. To show his pride.
  13.What is Nancy going to do next week?
  A.Take a school test
  B.Have a check-up.
  C.Go in for a competition.
  14.What does Daniel offer to do for Nancy?
  A.Rewrite her lines.
  B.Drive her to the theatre.
  C.Help her with the practice.
  听第9段材料,回答第15至17题。
  15.What was Prof. Stone's grandfather afraid of?
  A.Leaving his home.
  B.Parting from his son.
  C.Taking early retirement.
  16.What does old age mean to many elderly Americans?
  A.Lack of moral support.
  B. Loss of self-worth.
  C. Change of living habits.
  17.What will Prof Stone talk about next concerning elderly people?
  A.Public services they ask for.
  B.Health care available to them.
  C.Contributions they can make.
  听第10段材料,回答第18至20题。
  18.What does the speaker's mother want her to be?
  A.A confident person.
  B. A warm-hearted person.
  C. A humorous person.
  19.Why did the speaker feel lonely in her childhood?
  A.She often traveled by herself
  B.Her family moved frequently.
  C.Her mother was busy working.
  20.What does the speaker mainly talk about?
  A.Importance of home schooling.
  B.Mother-daughter relationship.
  C.A role model in her family.
  第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
  第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
  A
  The Biggest Stadiums in the World
  People have been pouring into stadiums since the days of ancient Greece. In around 8 A.Q., the Romans built the Colosseum, which remains the world's best known stadium are continues to inform contemporary design. Rome’s Colosseum was 157 feet tall and had 80 entrances, seating 50,000 people. However, that was small fry compared with the city’s Circus Maximus, which accommodated around 250,000 people.
  These days, safety regulations-not to mention the modern sports fan’s desire for a good view and a comfortable seat-tend to keep stadium capacities(容量)slightly lower. Even soccer fans tend to have a seat each; gone are the days of thousands standing to watch the match.
  For the biggest stadiums in the world, we have used data supplied by the World Atlas list so far, which ranks them by their stated permanent capacity, as well as updated information from official stadium websites.
  All these stadiums are still functional, still open and still hosting the biggest events in world sport.
  •Rungrado 1st of May Stadium, Pyongyang, D.P.R-Korea. Capacity. 150,000. Opened. May 1,1989.
  •Michigan Stadium, Ann Arbor, Michigan, U.S. Capacity: 107,601. Opened. October 1, 1927.
  •Beaver Stadium, State College, Pennsylvania, U.S. Capacity: 106,572. Opened: September 17, I960.
  •Ohio Stadium, Columbus, Ohio, U.S. Capacity: 104,944. Opened: October 7, 1922.
  •Kyle Field, College Station, Texas, U.S. Capacity: 102,512. Opened: September 24,1927.
  21.How many people could the Circus Maximus hold?
  A.104,944. B. 107,601. C. About 150,000. D. About 250,000.
  22.Of the following stadiums, which is the oldest?
  A. Michigan Stadium.
  B. Beaver Stadium.
  C. Ohio Stadium.
  D. Kyle Field.
  23.What do the listed stadiums have in common?
  A. They host big games.
  B. They have become tourist attractions
  C. They were built by Americans.
  D. They are favored by architects
  B
  When almost everyone has a mobile phone, why are more than half of Australian homes still paying for a landline (座机)
  These days you'd be hard pressed to find anyone in Australia over the age of 15 who doesn’t own a mobile phone. In fact plenty of younger kids have one in their pocket. Practically everyone can make and receive calls anywhere, anytime.
  Still, 55 percent of Australians have a landline phone at home and only just over a quarter (29%) rely only on their smartphones, according to a survey (调查).Of those Australians who still have a landline, a third concede that it's not really necessary and they're keeping it as a security blanket - 19 percent say they never use it while a further 13 percent keep it in case of emergencies. I think my home falls into that category.
  More than half of Australian homes are still choosing to stick with their home phone. Age is naturally a factor (因素)-only 58 percent of Generation Ys still use landlines now and then, compared to 84 percent of Baby Boomers who've perhaps had the same home number for 50 years. Age isn't the only factor; I'd say it's also to do with the makeup of your household.
  Generation Xers with young families, like my wife and I, can still find it convenient to have a home phone rather than providing a mobile phone for every family member. That said, to be honest the only people who ever ring our home phone are our Baby Boomers parents, to the point where we play a game and guess who is calling before we pick up the phone (using Caller ID would take the fun out of it).
  How attached are you to your landline? How long until they go the way of gas street lamps and morning milk deliveries?
  24. What does paragraph 2 mainly tell us about mobile phones?
  A. Their target users.
  B. Their wide popularity.
  C. Their major functions.
  D. Their complex design.
  25. What does the underlined word "concede" in paragraph 3 mean?
  A. Admit.
  B. Argue.
  C. Remember.
  D. Remark.
  26. What can we say about Baby Boomers?
  A. They like smartphone games.
  B. They enjoy guessing callers’ identity.
  C. They keep using landline phones.
  D. They are attached to their family.
  27. What can be inferred about the landline from the last paragraph?
  A. It remains a family necessity.
  B. It will fall out of use some day.
  C. It may increase daily expenses.
  D. It is as important as the gas light.
  C
  You’ve heard that plastic is polluting the oceans—between 4.8 and 12.7 million tonnes enter ocean ecosystems every year. But does one plastic straw or cup really make a difference? Artist Benjamin Von Wong wants you to know that it does. He builds massive sculptures out of plastic garbage, foreing viewers to re-examine their relationship to single-use plastic products.
  At the beginning of the year, the artist built a piece called“Strawpocalypse,” a pair of 10-foot-tall plastic waves, frozen mid-crash. Made of 168,000 plastic straws collected from several volunteer beach cleanups, the sculpture made its first appearance at the Estella Place shopping center in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
  Just 9% of global plastic waste is recycled. Plastic straws are by no means the biggest source (来源)of plastic pollution, but they’ve recently come under fire because most people don’t need them to drink with and, because of their small size and weight, they cannot be recycled. Every straw that' s part of Von Wong's artwork likely came from a drink that someone used for only a few minutes. Once the drink is gone, the straw will take centuries to disappear.
  In a piece from 2018, Von Wong wanted to illustrate (说明) a specific statistic: Every 60 seconds, a truckload's worth of plastic enters the ocean. For this work, titled "Truckload of Plastic, "Von Wong and a group of volunteers collected more than 10,000 pieces of plastic, which were then tied together to look like they’d been dumped(倾倒)from a truck all at once.
  Von Wong hopes that his work will also help pressure big companies to reduce their plastic footprint.

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